12-Lipoxygenase in porcine coronary microcirculation: Implications for coronary vasoregulation

Martin H. Zink, Christine L. Oltman, Tong Lu, Prasad V.G. Katakam, Terry L. Kaduce, Hon Chi Lee, Kevin C. Dellsperger, Arthur A. Spector, Paul R. Myers, Neal L. Weintraub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Noncyclooxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid (AA) have been proposed to mediate endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the coronary microcirculation. Therefore, we examined the formation and bioactivity of AA metabolites in porcine coronary (PC) microvascular endothelial cells and microvessels, respectively. The major noncyclooxygenase metabolite produced by microvascular endothelial cells was 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE), a lipoxygenase product. 12(S)-HETE release was markedly increased by pretreatment with 13(S)-hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid but not by the reduced congener 13(S)-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid, suggesting oxidative upregulation of 12(S)-HETE output. 12(S)-HETE produced potent relaxation and hyperpolarization of PC microvessels (EC50, expressed as -log[M] = 13.5 ± 0.5). Moreover, 12(S)-HETE potently activated large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ currents in PC microvascular smooth muscle cells. In contrast, 12(S)-HETE was not a major product of conduit PC endothelial AA metabolism and did not exhibit potent bioactivity in conduit PC arteries. We suggest that, in the coronary microcirculation, 12(S)-HETE can function as a potent hyperpolarizing vasodilator that may contribute to endothelium-dependent relaxation, particularly in the setting of oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H693-H704
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number2 49-2
StatePublished - Feb 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid
  • Arachidonic acid
  • Hyperpolarization
  • Oxidative stress
  • Vasodi lation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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