A critical role of CXCR2 PDZ-mediated interactions in endothelial progenitor cell homing and angiogenesis

Yuning Hou, Yanning Wu, Shukkur M. Farooq, Xiaoqing Guan, Shuo Wang, Yanxia Liu, Jacob J. Oblak, Joshua Holcomb, Yuanyuan Jiang, Robert M. Strieter, Robert D. Lasley, Ali Syed Arbab, Fei Sun, Chunying Li, Zhe Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contribute to neovessel formation in response to growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines. Chemokine receptor CXCR2 and its cognate ligands are reported to mediate EPC recruitment and angiogenesis. CXCR2 possesses a consensus PSD-95/DlgA/ZO-1 (PDZ) motif which has been reported to modulate cellular signaling and functions. Here we examined the potential role of the PDZ motif in CXCR2-mediated EPC motility and angiogenesis. We observed that exogenous CXCR2 C-tail significantly inhibited in vitro EPC migratory responses and angiogenic activities, as well as in vivo EPC angiogenesis. However, the CXCR2 C-tail that lacks the PDZ motif (δTTL) did not cause any significant changes of these functions in EPCs. In addition, using biochemical assays, we demonstrated that the PDZ scaffold protein NHERF1 specifically interacted with CXCR2 and its downstream effector, PLC-β3, in EPCs. This suggests that NHERF1 might cluster CXCR2 and its relevant signaling molecules into a macromolecular signaling complex modulating EPC cellular functions. Taken together, our data revealed a critical role of a PDZ-based CXCR2 macromolecular complex in EPC homing and angiogenesis, suggesting that targeting this complex might be a novel and effective strategy to treat angiogenesis-dependent diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-143
Number of pages11
JournalStem Cell Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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