A dignitary medicine curriculum developed using a modified Delphi methodology

Mobarak A. Al Mulhim, Robert G. Darling, Ritu Sarin, Alex Hart, Hetaf Kamal, Abdullah Al Hadhirah, Amalia Voskanyan, Lewis Hofmann, Bradley A. Connor, Roger A. Band, James Jones, Richard Tubb, Ronny Jackson, Amado Alejandro Baez, Edward Wasser, Sean Conley, William Lang, Gregory Ciottone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Dignitary medicine is an emerging field of training that involves the specialized care of diplomats, heads of state, and other high-ranking officials. In an effort to provide guidance on training in this nascent field, we convened a panel of experts in dignitary medicine and using the Delphi methodology, created a consensus curriculum for training in dignitary medicine. Methods: A three-round Delphi consensus process was performed with 42 experts in the field of dignitary medicine. Predetermined scores were required for an aspect of the curriculum to advance to the next round. The scores on the final round were used to determine the components of the curriculum. Scores below the threshold to advance were dropped in the subsequent round. Results: Our panel had a high degree of agreement on the required skills needed to practice dignitary medicine, with active practice in a provider's baseline specialty, current board certification, and skills in emergency care and resuscitation being the highest rated skills dignitary medicine physicians need. Skills related to vascular and emergency ultrasound and quality improvement were rated the lowest in the Delphi analysis. No skills were dropped from consideration. Conclusions: The results of our work can form the basis of formal fellowship training, continuing medical education, and publications in the field of dignitary medicine. It is clear that active medical practice and knowledge of resuscitation and emergency care are critical skills in this field, making emergency medicine physicians well suited to practicing dignitary medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number11
JournalInternational Journal of Emergency Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 21 2020


  • Curriculum
  • Curriculum development
  • Delphi methodology
  • Dignitary medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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