Aberrant monocyte prostaglandin synthase 2 (PGS2) expression in type 1 diabetes before and after disease onset

S. A. Litherland, Jin-Xiong She, D. Schatz, K. Fuller, A. D. Hutson, R. H. Peng, Y. Li, K. M. Grebe, D. S. Whittaker, K. Bahjat, D. Hopkins, Q. Fang, P. D. Spies, K. North, C. Wasserfall, R. Cook, M. A. Dennis, S. Crockett, J. Sleasman, J. KocherA. Muir, J. Silverstein, M. Atkinson, M. J. Clare-Salzler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Methods: We examined monocyte prostaglandin synthase 2 (PGS2/COX2) expression in individuals at risk for or with type 1 diabetes including: (i) 58 established type 1 and 2 diabetic patients; (ii) 34 autoantibody positive (AA+) children and adults; (iii) 164 infants and young children with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) susceptibility human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles; and (iv) 37 healthy control individuals, over a 5-yr period. Results: Established type 1 diabetic patients (1 month to 30+ yr post-disease onset) had significantly higher PGS2 expression than healthy controls; by contrast, insulin-treated type 2 diabetic patients had significantly lower PGS2 expression than healthy controls. Longitudinal studies of AA+ subjects at risk for type 1 diabetes indicated that 73% (11/15) of individuals who developed this disease during the study period expressed high levels of PGS2 prior to or after onset. We also found high level PGS2 expression in genetically at-risk infants and young children that correlated with having a first-degree relative with type 1 diabetes, but not with age, gender, or HLA genotype. In this population, high level PGS2 expression coincided with or preceded autoantibody detection in 30% (3/10) of subjects. Conclusions: These findings suggest that high level monocyte PGS2 expression, although subject to fluctuation, is present in at-risk subjects at an early age and is maintained during progression to and after type 1 diabetes onset.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-18
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Diabetes
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2003


  • Autoimmune disease
  • Cyclooxgenase 2
  • Monocyte
  • Prostaglandin
  • Type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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