Advancements in craniofacial prosthesis fabrication: A narrative review of holistic treatment

Hossein E. Jazayeri, Steve Kang, Radi M. Masri, Lauren Kuhn, Farahnaz Fahimipour, Rabecca Vanevenhoven, Geoffrey Thompson, Maryam Gheisarifar, Mohammadreza Tahriri, Lobat Tayebi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The treatment of craniofacial anomalies has been challenging as a result of technological shortcomings that could not provide a consistent protocol to perfectly restore patient-specific anatomy. In the past, wax-up and impression-based maneuvers were implemented to achieve this clinical end. However, with the advent of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology, a rapid and cost-effective workflow in prosthetic rehabilitation has taken the place of the outdated procedures. Because the use of implants is so profound in different facets of restorative dentistry, their placement for craniofacial prosthesis retention has also been widely popular and advantageous in a variety of clinical settings. This review aims to effectively describe the well-rounded and interdisciplinary practice of craniofacial prosthesis fabrication and retention by outlining fabrication, osseointegrated implant placement for prosthesis retention, a myriad of clinical examples in the craniofacial complex, and a glimpse of the future of bioengineering principles to restore bioactivity and physiology to the previously defected tissue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-439
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Bioengineering
  • Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM)
  • Craniofacial
  • Implants
  • Prosthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)


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