Alterations in bone metabolites with age in C57BL/6 mice model

Dhara Patel, Tae Jin Lee, Sandeep Kumar, Sagar Vyavahare, Alison Worth, William D. Hill, Mark Hamrick, Carlos M. Isales, Rahul S. Shinde, Sadanand Fulzele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Understanding the pathophysiology behind age-related diseases is an urgent need as the elderly population continues to grow. With age, there is a high risk of musculoskeletal deterioration and associated morbidity and mortality. Although the exact mechanism behind age-related degeneration is unknown, it is well established that alteration in cellular metabolism is one of the important contributing factors. Alteration in signaling pathways with age leads to the accumulation or depletion of several metabolites that play a vital role in musculoskeletal pathophysiology. This study aimed to identify age-related changes in bone tissue metabolites in C57BL/6 mice. We then correlated the differentially expressed metabolites with their functions in bone biology. In both aged males and females, hydroxyproline, glutamine, and alpha-linolenic acid levels were decreased. In aged females, Ornithine (p value = 0.001), l-Proline (p value = 0.008), Uridine (p value = 0.001), Aspartic Acid (p value = 0.004) levels were significantly decreased, and glutamate (p value = 0.002) was elevated. In aged males, N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (pvalue = 0.010), Adrenic acid (pvalue = 0.0099), Arachidonic acid (p value = 0.029) and Allantoin (p value = 0.004) levels were decreased. Metabolic pathway analysis revealed that purine and d-glutamine and d-glutamate metabolism were significantly altered in both sexes, while arginine biosynthesis in females and lipid metabolism in males were highly affected. These differences in metabolic signaling might be one of the reasons for the discrepancy in musculoskeletal disease manifestation between the two sexes. Understanding the role of these metabolites play in the aging bone will allow for new sex-specific targeted therapies against the progression of musculoskeletal diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • Aging
  • Bone
  • Gender
  • Metabolites
  • Sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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