An initial experience and evolution of laparoscopic hepatic resectional surgery

Joseph F. Buell, Mark J. Thomas, Travis C. Doty, Keith S. Gersin, Todd David Merchen, Manish Gupta, Steven M. Rudich, E. Steve Woodle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations


The use of minimally invasive procedures has revolutionized modern surgery. Only recently has laparoscopy been introduced for use in hepatic surgery. Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, and outcomes were evaluated for all initial cases of laparoscopic hepatic resection. Twenty-one resections were performed in 17 patients; 5 were performed for malignancy, of which 3 had underlying cirrhosis, and the remaining 12 for benign symptomatic disease. Mean patient age was 55.4 (range, 24-82 years). The mean number of lesions was 1.4 (range, 1-5), having an average size of 7.6 cm (range, 2-30 cm). Mean operative time was 2.8 hours (range, 2-5 hours) hours. Most resections involved 1 or more Couinaud segments. Mean blood loss was 288 cc (range, 50-150 cc). Complications included re-operation for hemorrhage (n = 2), biliary leakage (n = 1), and death from hepatic failure (n = 1). Mean length of stay was 2.9 days (range, 1-14). When compared with our series of 100 patients who underwent open hepatic resection for benign tumors, significantly greater means (P <. 05) were noted for blood loss (485 cc), operative time (4.5 hours), and length of stay (6.5 days). Laparoscopic hepatic surgery, though complex, can be performed safely and efficaciously. Minimally invasive surgery appears to provide several distinct advantages over traditional open hepatic surgery. However, techniques for the laparoscopic control of bleeding and bile leak remain in their infancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)804-811
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'An initial experience and evolution of laparoscopic hepatic resectional surgery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this