Autologous Collagen Matrix (ACM): Lower Pole Support With a Supero-Anterior Capsular Flap in Secondary Subpectoral Breast Augmentation

Paolo Montemurro, Mubashir Cheema, Per Hedén, Stefano Avvedimento, Mouchammed Agko, Alessandro Quattrini Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Secondary aesthetic breast surgery is a complex and challenging scenario. It requires the surgeon to identify contributing factors, provide patient education, make a further management plan, and optimize the conditions for a favorable result. Various techniques have been described in literature but the rate of reoperation is still high. The first author has been using a supero-anterior capsular flap with a neopectoral subcapsular pocket and an implant change in these cases.

Objectives: To review the patient characteristics, indications, and early results of using part of the existing implant capsule for secondary subpectoral breast augmentations.

Methods: All patients who underwent secondary breast augmentation, over a period of 2 years by the first author (P.M.), using the supero-anterior capsular flap technique were included. The technique involves dissection of a new subpectoral pocket and uses the existing implant capsule as an internal brassiere.

Results: A total of 36 patients were operated by this technique. Of these, 17 patients had developed a complication while 19 patients wanted a change in size only. At a mean follow up of 10.2 months, there was no bottoming out, double bubble, or capsular contracture.

Conclusions: This reliable technique provides stable results as shown by low rate of complications with the existing follow up.

Level of Evidence 4:

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)540-549
Number of pages10
JournalAesthetic Surgery Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Breast Implantation/adverse effects
  • Breast Implants/adverse effects
  • Breast Neoplasms/surgery
  • Collagen/therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Middle Aged
  • Reoperation/methods
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surgical Flaps/transplantation
  • Tissue Scaffolds
  • Treatment Outcome


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