Bosutinib is an oral, dual SRC/ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) with clinical activity in Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) leukemia. We assessed the safety and tolerability of bosutinib 500 mg per day in a phase 1/2 study in chronic-phase (CP) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) or advanced Ph+ leukemia following resistance/intolerance to imatinib and possibly other TKIs. Patient cohorts included second-line CP CML (n = 286), third-/fourth-line CP CML (n = 118), and advanced leukemia (n = 166). Median bosutinib duration was 11.1 (range, 0.03-83.4) months. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) in each cohort were primarily gastrointestinal (diarrhea [86%/83%/74%], nausea [46%/48%/ 48%], and vomiting [37%/38%/43%]). Diarrhea presented early, with few (8%) patients experiencing grade 3/4 events; dose reduction due to diarrhea occurred in 6% of affected patients. Grade 3/4 myelosuppression TEAEs were reported in 41% of patients; among affected patients, 46% were managed with bosutinib interruption and 32% with dose reduction. Alanine aminotransferase elevation TEAEs occurred in 17% of patients (grade 3/4, 7%); among patientsmanaged with dose interruption, bosutinib rechallenge was successful in 74%. Bosutinib demonstrated acceptable safety with manageable toxicities in Ph+ leukemia. This trial (NCT00261846) was registered at www.ClinicalTrials.gov (this manuscript is based on a different data snap shot from that in ClinicalTrials.gov).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology