The purpose of this review is to provide a framework for the cardiovascular evaluation and management of patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). To accomplish this, we have performed an extensive literature review, critically analyzed the available evidence, and developed a set of recommendations to guide best practice. Herein, we discuss the cardiovascular risk profile of patients undergoing HCT along with putative mechanisms of HCT-induced cardiovascular injury. We then present an algorithm for cardiovascular testing and risk mitigation of potential recipients. Last, we address the management of the most prevalent cardiovascular conditions associated with HCT recipients.