cDNA cloning of p112, the largest regulatory subunit of the human 26S proteasome, and functional analysis of its yeast homologue, Sen3p

Kin Ya Yokota, Susumu Kagawa, Yoshihisa Shimizu, Hiroshi Akioka, Chizuko Tsurumi, Chiseko Noda, Masahiro Fujimuro, Hideyoshi Yokosawa, Tsutomu Fujiwara, Ei Ichi Takahashi, Masayuki Ohba, Moto o. Yamasaki, George N. DeMartino, Clive A. Slaughter, Akio Toh-e, Keiji Tanaka

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54 Scopus citations


The 26S proteasome is a large multisubunit protease complex, the largest regulatory subunit of which is a component named p112. Molecular cloning of cDNA encoding human p112 revealed a polypeptide predicted to have 953 amino acid residues and a molecular mass of 105,865. The human p112 gene was mapped to the q37.1-q37.2 region of chromosome 2. Computer analysis showed that p112 has strong similarity to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sen3p, which has been listed in a gene bank as a factor affecting tRNA splicing endonuclease. The SEN3 also was identified in a synthetic lethal screen with the nin1-1 mutant, a temperature-sensitive mutant of NIN1. NIN1 encodes p31, another regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome, which is necessary for activation of Cdc28p kinase. Disruption of the SEN3 did not affect cell viability, but led to temperature-sensitive growth. The human p112 cDNA suppressed the growth defect at high temperature in a SEN3 disruptant, indicating that p112 is a functional homologue of the yeast Sen3p. Maintenance of SEN3 disruptant cells at the restrictive temperature resulted in a variety of cellular dysfunctions, including defects in proteolysis mediated by the ubiquitin pathway, in the N-end rule system, in the stress response upon cadmium exposure, and in nuclear protein transportation. The functional abnormality induced by SEN3 disruption differs considerably from various phenotypes shown by the nin1-1 mutation, suggesting that these two regulatory subunits of the 26S proteasome play distinct roles in the various processes mediated by the 26S proteasome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)853-870
Number of pages18
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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