Characterization and effectiveness of a violet LED light for in-office whitening

Matheus Kury, Frederick A. Rueggeberg, Jorge R. Soto-Montero, Carolina B. André, Bruna A. Resende, Marcelo Giannini, Vanessa Cavalli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Objectives: This study characterized a violet LED light (V-LED; bright max whitening) tooth whitening device and evaluated its efficacy on stained enamel compared to hydrogen peroxide (HP). Materials and methods: Characterization of the V-LED beam profile was performed using a laser beam-profiler. The irradiance was measured throughout an exposure cycle at 0- and 8-mm distances using an integrating sphere and a spectral radiometer. Bovine enamel/dentin blocks stained with black tea (BT), cigarette smoke (CS), or without staining (CONT) were subjected to V-LED or 40% HP (n = 10/group). Color parameters (ΔL, Δa, Δb, and ΔE00) were measured using a digital spectrophotometer. Light transmission was estimated through 1-mm-thick bovine enamel slices (n = 5). ΔL, Δb, ΔE00, and irradiance were analyzed by two-way ANOVAs and Tukey’s tests, Δa by Kruskal–Wallis and Mann–Whitney tests, and light transmission by t-test (α = 5%). Results: Heterogeneous beam distribution was observed for the emitting V-LED chips. After 20 sequential exposures, irradiance levels were reduced 25–50%, regardless of the distance from V-LED. Localized irradiance values were statistically different between beam locations and different distances from the target. V-LED produced lower ΔE00, ΔL, Δa, and Δb values than HP for CONT and BT, with no differences for CS. Light transmittance decreased approximately 98% through 1-mm thick enamel. Conclusions: V-LED irradiance was heterogeneous and decreased throughout the exposure cycles and was also greatly reduced with increasing tip distance. V-LED produced a significantly lower whitening effect on BT and control teeth. Clinical relevance: This study contributes to the knowledge of V-LED and its clinical use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3899-3910
Number of pages12
JournalClinical oral investigations
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022


  • Dental enamel
  • Irradiance
  • Staining
  • Tooth bleaching
  • Violet LED light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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