Characterization of water sorption, solubility, and roughness of silorane- and methacrylate-based composite resins

Marcelo Giannini, Marina Di Francescantonio, Rafael Rocha Pacheco, Letícia Cristina Boaro, Roberto R. Braga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the surface roughness (SR), water sorption (WS), and solubility (SO) of four composite resins after finishing/polishing and after one year of water storage. Materials and Methods: Two low-shrinkage composites (Filtek Silorane [3M ESPE] and Aelite LS [Bisco Inc]) and two composites of conventional formulations (Heliomolar and Tetric N-Ceram [Ivoclar Vivadent]) were tested. Their respective finishing and polishing systems (Sof-Lex Discs, 3M ESPE; Finishing Discs Kit, Bisco Inc; and Astropol F, P, HP, Ivoclar Vivadent) were used according to the manufacturers' instructions. Ten disc-shaped specimens of each composite resin were made for each evaluation. Polished surfaces were analyzed using a profilometer after 24 hours and one year. For the WS and SO, the discs were stored in desiccators until constant mass was achieved. Specimens were then stored in water for seven days or one year, at which time the mass of each specimen was measured. The specimens were dried again and dried specimen mass determined. The WS and SO were calculated from these measurements. Data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc test (α=0.05). Results: Filtek Silorane showed the lowest SR, WS, and SO means. Water storage for one year increased the WS means for all composite resins tested. Conclusions: The silorane-based composite resin results were better than those obtained for methacrylate-based resins. One-year water storage did not change the SR and SO properties in any of the composite resins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-272
Number of pages9
JournalOperative dentistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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