Chlorhexidine stabilizes the adhesive interface: A 2-year in vitro study

Lorenzo Breschi, Annalisa Mazzoni, Fernando Nato, Marcela Carrilho, Erika Visintini, Leo Tjäderhane, Alessandra Ruggeri, Franklin Chi Meng Tay, Elettra De Stefano Dorigo, David Henry Pashley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

276 Scopus citations


Objectives: This study evaluated the role of endogenous dentin MMPs in auto-degradation of collagen fibrils within adhesive-bonded interfaces. The null hypotheses tested were that adhesive blends or chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) application does not modify dentin MMPs activity and that CHX used as therapeutic primer does not improve the stability of adhesive interfaces over time. Methods: Zymograms of protein extracts from human dentin powder incubated with Adper Scotchbond 1XT (SB1XT) on untreated or 0.2-2% CHX-treated dentin were obtained to assay dentin MMPs activity. Microtensile bond strength and interfacial nanoleakage expression of SB1XT bonded interfaces (with or without CHX pre-treatment for 30 s on the etched surface) were analyzed immediately and after 2 years of storage in artificial saliva at 37 °C. Results: Zymograms showed that application of SB1XT to human dentin powder increases MMP-2 activity, while CHX pre-treatment inhibited all dentin gelatinolytic activity, irrespective from the tested concentration. CHX significantly lowered the loss of bond strength and nanoleakage seen in acid-etched resin-bonded dentin artificially aged for 2 years. Significance: The study demonstrates the active role of SB1XT in dentin MMP-2 activation and the efficacy of CHX inhibition of MMPs even if used at low concentration (0.2%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-325
Number of pages6
JournalDental Materials
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2010


  • Aging
  • Chlorhexidine
  • Dental bonding systems
  • Dentin
  • Hybrid layer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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