Colorectal cancer incidence in the United states, 1999-2004

Sun Hee Rim, Laura Seeff, Faruque Ahmed, Jessica B. King, Steven S. Coughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

142 Scopus citations


Background: By using recent national cancer surveillance data, the authors investigated colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence by subpopulation to inform the discussion of demographic-based CRC guidelines. METHODS: Data included CRC incidence (1999-2004) from the combined National Program of Cancer Registries and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program databases. Incidence rates (age-specific and age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population) were reported among individuals ages 40 to 44 years, 45 to 49 years, 50 to 64 years, and ≥65 years by sex, subsite, disease stage, race, and ethnicity. Rate ratios (RR) and rate differences (RD) were calculated to compare CRC rates in different subpopulations. RESULTS: Incidence rates were greater among men compared with women and among blacks compared with whites and other races. Incidence rates among Asians/Pacific Islanders (APIs), American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs), and Hispanics consistently were lower than among whites and non-Hispanics. Sex disparities were greatest in the population aged ≥65 years, whereas racial disparities were more pronounced in the population aged <65 years. Although the RD between blacks and whites diminished at older ages, the RD between APIs and whites, between AI/ANs and whites, and between non-Hispanics and Hispanics increased with increasing age. By subsite, blacks had the highest incidence rates compared with whites and other races in the proximal and distal colon; the reverse was true in the rectum. By stage, whites had higher incidence rates than blacks and other races for localized and regional disease; for distant and unstaged disease, blacks had higher incidence rates than whites. CONCLUSIONS: The current findings suggested differences that can be considered in formulating targeted screening and other public health strategies to reduce disparities in CRC incidence in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1967-1976
Number of pages10
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Colorectal cancer
  • End Results
  • Incidence
  • National Program of Cancer Registries
  • Surveillance. epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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