One-hundred twenty endosteal dental implants were inserted bilaterally in the mandibles of 30 adult mongrel dogs after bilateral extraction of all premolars. The 120 implants were evenly divided into one- and two-stage systems and included ceramic and titanium cylindrical root-form implants and titanium blade implants. The research design of this investigation divided the 30 animals into 10 groups of three dogs. This article describes an animal model that is useful in evaluating dental implant designs and compares the results with those from humans. In particular, this article delineates the prosthodontic approach appropriate for this model using one- and two-stage titanium implants. Rexillium alloy fixed prostheses were placed on 32 endosteal implants and 16 natural mandibular molar teeth. The implants and prosthetic components of the Sterio-Oss implant system were used. All prostheses are functional with minimal maintenance. To date, after 1-year of follow-up, none of the implants have been lost and none of the fixed prostheses have required recementation or maintenance other than normal hygiene. Histologic and survival data as well as results with other implant systems will be presented in other reports.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery