Compensation for displacement of the focal point in cone beam single photon emission computed tomography reconstruction

Zong Jian Cao, Lin Qian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined the effects of focal point displacement on image quality in cone beam single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). A new image reconstruction algorithm that accounts for the focal point shift was derived and three shift geometries were investigated. The geometries included a lateral shift with a fixed focal length but off-center focusing, a linear axial shift with a variable focal length that depends linearly on the distance between a bin of the detector and the center of the detector, and a random axial shift with a randomly varying focal length. Computer simulation was conducted to evaluate the shift effects with a phantom that was composed of 118 small spherical sources. The results demonstrated that the lateral shift of the focal point was more critical to image quality than was the axial shift. With a 0.64 cm (1 pixel) lateral shift, noticeable artifacts was observed, while an axial shift resulted in minimal changes in image quality until it reached 8 cm (12.5 pixels). The derived reconstruction algorithm eliminated most of the artifacts caused by a fixed lateral shift or a linear axial shift of the focal point bur failed to do so for a random axial shift since the linear distribution assumed in image reconstruction did not match the random shift occurred in acquisition of the data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-115
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Informatics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Cone-beam collimation
  • Image reconstruction
  • Nuclear medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics


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