Conditional release and cannabis use: Concerns and challenges for community reintegration

Michael J. Vitacco, Ashley B. Batastini, Colin Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article, which serves as a perspective review, delves into the complexities of cannabis use among individuals preparing for or already on conditional release (CR). These complexities include an association between cannabis use and mental illness and dealing with the fact that the use of illicit substances, such as cannabis, is against CR rules, leading to potential revocation. A focus of this article is the deleterious effects cannabis and synthetic derivatives of cannabis can have for individuals on CR. The article concludes with six-specific recommendations for managing cannabis use in this population with a focus on careful and detailed risk assessments that considers the relationship between substance use and dangerousness, the role of protective factors, the need for a detailed conditional release plan, inpatient and community-based interventions aimed at increasing individual autonomy, and education on the dangers of cannabis use for both the treatment team and the insanity acquittee.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-270
Number of pages10
JournalBehavioral Sciences and the Law
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022


  • corrections
  • credibility
  • interviewing
  • memory
  • violence
  • virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Law


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