Considerations for incision and flap design with implant therapy in the esthetic zone

Lance Hill Hutchens, Stuart Douglas Beauchamp, Shawn Haley McLeod, Jacob Kobi Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The planning and design of any incision in the esthetic zone should be carried out based on biologic principles and with careful consideration of the desired esthetic outcome. Different incision and flap designs have been identified for implant and implant-related surgeries in the esthetic zone. Those include; flapless, vestibular incision, papilla sparing, envelope, triangular, and trapezoidal. The specific aim of this article is to outline various important factors that influence healing, to discuss the advantages/disadvantages of several key incision/flap designs, and to help guide the clinician in treatment planning tooth replacement in the esthetic zone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-387
Number of pages7
JournalImplant Dentistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2018


  • Cosmetics
  • Micro-surgery
  • Plastic surgery
  • Soft tissue
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'Considerations for incision and flap design with implant therapy in the esthetic zone'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this