This study characterizes contractions to ouabain and potassium-free solution in isolated vascular segments from two-kidney, one clip (2-K, 1C) hypertensive rats. Aorta, mesenteric artery, and vena cava from hypertensive rats were more sensitive (lower threshold) to ouabain than those from normotensive rats. Contractions of hypertensive vascular segments to potassium-free solution and to ouabain (10−3 mol/l) were faster than those in normotensive vessels. Monensin potentiated contractions to ouabain and increased the rate of force development to potassium-free solution to a greater extent in normotensive aortae than in hypertensive aortae. Amiloride, low sodium solution, verapamil and calcium-free solution depressed contractions to ouabain and potassium-free solution in both hypertensive and normotensive aortae. These observations demonstrate augmented responsiveness to ouabain and potassium-free solution in hypertensive blood vessels. Interventions which influence transmembrane sodium and calcium movements altered contractions to ouabain and potassium-free solution. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that vascular cells of hypertensive rats have enhanced sodium pump activity.
- Electrogenic sodium pump
- Vascular smooth muscle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine