Control of airway inflammation maintained at a lower steroid dose with 100/50 μg of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol

Nizar N. Jarjour, Susan J. Wilson, Steven M. Koenig, Michel Laviolette, Wendy C. Moore, W. Bruce Davis, Dennis E. Doherty, Qutayba Hamid, Elliott Israel, Mani S. Kavuru, Joe W. Ramsdell, Donald P. Tashkin, Donna S. Reilly, Steven W. Yancey, Lisa D. Edwards, John L. Stauffer, Paul M. Dorinsky, Ratko Djukanovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Background: Inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) have been shown to reverse epithelial damage and decrease lamina reticularis thickness in patients with asthma. Objective: This study investigated whether clinical asthma control and airway inflammation could be maintained after switching therapy from medium-dose fluticasone propionate (FP) to low-dose FP administered with the long-acting β 2-agonist (LABA) salmeterol. Methods: Eighty-eight subjects (age, ≥18 years) who, during open-label screening, demonstrated improved asthma control after an increase from 100 μg of FP twice daily to 250 μg of FP twice daily were randomized to receive 100/50 μg of FP/salmeterol through a Diskus inhaler (GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC) twice daily or continue 250 μg of FP twice daily through a Diskus inhaler for 24 weeks. Clinical outcomes were monitored, and bronchial biopsy specimens and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were obtained before and after 24 weeks of treatment. Results: There were no significant differences between treatments with respect to eosinophils in the bronchial mucosa and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid; mucosal mast cells, neutrophils, or CD3 +, CD4 +, CD8 +, or CD25 + T lymphocytes; or concentration of mediators (GM-CSF, IL-8, and eosinophil cationic protein). The 2 treatments were not different with respect to lamina reticularis thickness. Consistent with the airway inflammatory measures, clinical and physiologic measures of asthma control were also similar. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that control of asthma and airway inflammation is maintained over the 24-week treatment period when patients requiring a medium-dose ICS are switched to a lower-dose ICS with a LABA. Clinical implications: A lower-dose ICS with a LABA is effective in controlling inflammation and providing clinical asthma control, confirming current guideline recommendations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-52
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2006


  • Fluticasone propionate
  • biopsy
  • bronchoalveolar lavage
  • eosinophils
  • salmeterol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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