Control of leukocyte rolling velocity in TNF-α-induced inflammation by LFA-1 and Mac-1

Jessica L. Dunne, Christie M. Ballantyne, Arthur L. Beaudet, Klaus Ley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Previously it was shown that β2-integrins are necessary for slow leukocyte rolling in inflamed venules. In this study, mice that are deficient for either one of the β2-integrins, αLβ2 (LFA-1) or αMβ2 (Mac-1), were used to determine which of the β2-integrins are responsible for slowing rolling leukocytes. The cremaster muscles of these mice were treated with tumor necrosis factor-α and prepared for intravital microscopy. The average rolling velocities in venules were elevated in LFA-1-/- mice (11.0 ± 0.7 μm/s) and Mac-1-/- mice (10.1 ± 1.1 μm/s) compared to wild-type mice (4.8 ± 0.3 μm/s; P < .05), but were lower than in CD18-/- mice (28.5 ± 2.1 μm/s). When both LFA-1 and Mac-1 were absent or blocked, rolling velocity became dependent on shear rate and approached that of CD18-/- mice. In addition, leukocyte adhesion efficiency was decreased in LFA-1-/- mice to near CD18-/- levels, but decreased only slightly in Mac-1-/- mice. Thus, both LFA-1 and Mac-1 contribute to slowing down rolling leukocytes, although LFA-1 is more important than Mac-1 in efficiently inducing firm adhesion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-341
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology


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