Correlates of Student Performance during Low Stakes Simulation

Beth E. Burbach, Leeza A. Struwe, Lufei Young, Marlene Z. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Background: Simulation plays a vital role in nursing education, however, modifiable factors influencing students’ simulation performance have not been sufficiently examined. The purpose of this study was examine relationships among anxiety, self-efficacy, nursing knowledge, and performance during simulation. Methods: The study used a mixed-methods design. Anxiety, self-efficacy, academic achievement, and performance during simulation were measured quantitatively; correlations between key variables were calculated. Qualitative data were collected during post-simulation debriefing and triangulated to inform quantitative findings. Results: Significant relationships were identified between knowledge of nursing care and simulation performance. Student qualitative reports of heightened anxiety and lack of confidence and uncertainty contrasted from quantitative measures. Potential reasons for this finding were explored. Conclusions: The relationship between knowledge of nursing care and simulation performance supports the effectiveness of simulation as a means to evaluate the application of knowledge in a clinical laboratory setting. Further research is needed to explain the complex relationships between anxiety, self-efficacy, and performance during simulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-50
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Professional Nursing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety
  • Patient simulation
  • Self-efficacy
  • Undergraduate nursing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


Dive into the research topics of 'Correlates of Student Performance during Low Stakes Simulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this