Curing kinetics of a photo-polymerized dental sealant

Ralph D. Warnock, Frederick Rueggeberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate the effect of using a variety of light-curing sources on the extent (monomer conversion) and rate of cure of a light-cured dental sealant. Infrared spectroscopy recorded real-time polymerization of a self-cured and a light-cured sealant when the latter was exposed using manufacturer's recommendations [quartz-tungsten-halogen (QTH)] for 20 seconds as well as to other light sources: high intensity QTH, plasma arc light (PAC), and second-generation blue light emitting diode (LED) units. Specimens were heated to 37°C and the degree and rate of conversion were recorded at each second for 300 seconds. Conversion extent and rate were compared among light units as well as to the self-curing product. Five replications for each test condition were performed. After 300 seconds, self-curing product conversion was equivalent to all light-exposed specimens. The self-cured rate of cure was significantly lower than all light-cured scenarios. The high intensity QTH light provided equivalent conversion as conventional 20-second QTH exposure (control) in only 10 seconds. The PAC light required similar exposure time as conventional QTH treatment. Second-generation blue LED units reached conversion similar to control in only 10 seconds, while one light required only 5 seconds' exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-461
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Dentistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Dentistry(all)


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