Cytokine-Induced GAPDH Sulfhydration Affects PSD95 Degradation and Memory

Sajad Mir, Tanusree Sen, Nilkantha Sen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Induction of a proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) plays a role in memory impairment associated with various neurological disorders and brain injury. Here we show that IL-1β-induced memory impairment in brain is mediated by hydrogen sulfide (H2S) synthesized by cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS). H2S modifies GAPDH essentially via sulfhydration in dendrites, which promotes its binding to the E3 ligase protein, Siah. Then Siah binds to a critical synaptic scaffolding molecule, PSD95, and leads it to degradation via ubiquitination. In CBS heterozygous mice (cbs+/-) and primary neurons depleted with either CBS or IL-1R, IL-1β-induced loss of PSD95 was rescued along with a decrease in the level of GAPDH sulfhydration. Moreover, decrease in the loss of PSD95 in cbs+/- mice results in improvement of IL-1β-induced cognitive deficits and neurobehavioral outcomes. Thus, our findings reveal a mechanism where GAPDH sulfhydration appears to be a physiologic determinant of cytokine-induced memory impairment in brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)786-795
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Cell
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 18 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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