Design and synthesis of novel nucleobase-based barbiturate derivatives as potential anticancer agents

Bhaveshkumar D. Dhorajiya, Ahmed S. Ibrahim, Farid A. Badria, Bharatkumar Z. Dholakiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Cancer today remains one of the most deadly diseases in the world. In search of novel anticancer agents, a series of newly hybrid molecules were designed and synthesized by combining the structural features of nucleobase and barbiturate derivatives using the concept of green chemistry. This approach was accomplished efficiently using the aqueous medium to give the corresponding products in a high yield. The newly synthesized compounds were characterized by spectral analysis FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C-NMR, HMBC, MASS and elemental analysis. Evaluations of these molecules over four cell lines panel of human cancer cells have identified several compounds with significant anticancer activities against one or more cell lines. Compounds TBC and TBA proved to exhibit a wide cytotoxic effect on the tested four cell lines at (IC50 16-24 μM) and (IC50 25-34 μM), respectively. Other compounds, e.g., 1,3-BA, showed a selective cytotoxicity against HepG2 at 7 μM. Taken together, this study has led to the development of a convenient, a highly yielded, and an environmentally friendly synthetic method of highly promising leads for cancer fighting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)839-847
Number of pages9
JournalMedicinal Chemistry Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Barbiturates
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Keywords: Green chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Organic Chemistry


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