The selectins are inducible adhesion molecules critically important for the inflammatory response. We investigate here the functional effects of three monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) raised against murine E-selectin (9A9, 10E6, and 10E9.6) on neutrophil recruitment in vivo, leukocyte roiling and circulating leukocyte concentrations in vivo, and adhesion of myeloid cells to E-selectin transfectants and recombinant E-selectin-IgG fusion protein in vitro. MoAbs 9A9 and 10E6 map to the lectin and epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like domains of murine E-selectin, whereas 10E9.6 binds to the consensus repeat region. 10E9.6 blocked neutrophil recruitment in a model of thioglycollate-induced peritonitis in Balb/c mice by more than 90% but had no effect in C57BL/6 mice. 9A9 and 10E6 blocked neutrophil recruitment in this assay only when combined with a P-selectin antibody, 5H1. Neither 9A9 nor 10E9.6 alone blocked leukocyte rolling in tumor necrosis factor-α-treated venules of Balb/c mice, but 9A9 almost completely inhibited leukocyte rolling when combined with the function-blocking murine P-selectin MoAb, RB40.34. In contrast, 10E9.6 had no effect on leukocyte rolling in RB40.34-treated Balb/c or C57BL/6 mice. 10E9.6 did not affect adhesion of myeloid cells to E- selectin transfectants or attachment, rolling, and detachment of myeloid cells to murine E-selectin-IgG fusion protein. However, adhesion was completely blocked in the same assays by 9A9. Taken together, these results indicate that E-selectin serves a function, other than rolling, that appears to be critically important for neutrophil recruitment to inflammatory sites in Balb/c mice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology