Muscle disorders involving the masticatory muscles have been considered analogous to skeletal muscle disorders throughout the body. However, emerging research has shed new light on the varied etiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of myofascial pain and masticatory muscle disorders. This article reviews the etiology and classification of regional masticatory muscle disorders, the clinical examination of the patient, and evidence-based treatment recommendations.
- Masticatory muscles
- Myofascial pain
- Persistent orofacial muscle pain
- Temporomandibular joint disorder
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Dentistry