Disruption of inducible 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase impairs the suppressive effect of PPARγ activation on diet-induced intestine inflammatory response

Xin Guo, Honggui Li, Hang Xu, Vera Halim, Laura N. Thomas, Shih Lung Woo, Yuqing Huo, Y. Eugene Chen, Joseph M. Sturino, Chaodong Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


PFKFB3 is a target gene of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and encodes for inducible 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (iPFK2). As a key regulatory enzyme that stimulates glycolysis, PFKFB3/iPFK2 links adipocyte metabolic and inflammatory responses. Additionally, PFKFB3/iPFK2 is involved in the effect of active PPARγ on suppressing overnutrition-induced adipose tissue inflammatory response, which accounts for the insulin-sensitizing and antidiabetic effects of PPARγ activation. Using PFKFB3/iPFK2-disrupted mice, the present study investigated the role of PFKFB3/iPFK2 in regulating overnutrition-associated intestine inflammatory response and in mediating the effects of PPARγ activation. In wild-type mice, intestine PFKFB3/iPFK2 was increased in response to high-fat diet (HFD) feeding compared with that in mice fed a low-fat diet. However, intestine PFKFB3/iPFK2 was decreased in PFKFB3/iPFK2-disrupted mice and did not respond to HFD feeding. Furthermore, on an HFD, PFKFB3/iPFK2-disrupted mice displayed a significant increase in major intestine proinflammatory indicators such as toll-like receptor 4 expression, c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 and nuclear factor kappa B phosphorylation, and proinflammatory cytokine expression compared with wild-type littermates. Upon treatment with rosiglitazone, an agonist of PPARγ, intestine proinflammatory indicators were markedly decreased in wild-type mice, but to a much lesser degree in PFKFB3/iPFK2-disrupted mice. Overall, the status of HFD-induced intestine inflammatory response in all treated mice correlated inversely with systemic insulin sensitivity, indicated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance data. Together, these results suggest that PFKFB3/iPFK2 is critically involved in the effect of PPARγ activation on suppressing diet-induced intestine inflammatory response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)770-775
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2013


  • Inducible 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase
  • Inflammatory response
  • Intestine
  • Overnutrition
  • PPARγ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry


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