Dynamics of nitric oxide, altered follicular microenvironment, and oocyte quality in women with endometriosis

Pravin T. Goud, Anuradha P. Goud, Narendra Joshi, Elizabeth Puscheck, Michael P. Diamond, Husam M. Abu-Soud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


Objective To study follicular microenvironment in terms of free radical dynamics, oocyte quality, and assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes among women with (group A) and without (group B) endometriosis. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting University ART center. Patient(s) Women with and without endometriosis undergoing ART (n = 28). Intervention(s) Follicular fluid (FF), granulosa cells (GCs), immature oocytes (IOs), and ART data on sibling cohort oocytes in groups A and B were compared. Main Outcome Measure(s) ART live birth outcomes, maturation, and aging among in vitro matured (IVM) oocytes, nitrate levels in FF, and nitrotyrosine (NT) footprints and apoptosis in the GCs. Result(s) Clinical characteristics and ART live birth outcomes were no different between groups A and B. Women from group A had significantly lower peak serum E2 (2,068.8 ± 244.6 pg/mL vs. 2,756.2 ± 205.0 pg/mL) and higher apoptosis (80.0% vs. 22.2%) and NT staining (70.0% vs. 22.2%) in GCs compared with group B. Fewer IOs underwent IVM to MII (0.6 ± 0.3) in group A compared with group B (1.4 ± 0.2). IVM oocytes had significantly higher incidence of cortical granule loss (83.3% vs. 24.0%) and spindle disruption (66.7% vs. 16.0%) and higher zona pellucida dissolution timing (133.8 ± 9.4 s vs. 90.5 ± 5.8 s) in group A compared with group B. FF nitrate levels were significantly higher in women who failed to conceive in group A (478.2 ± 43.1 nmol/L) compared with those that did conceive (173.3 ± 19.0 nmol/L). Conclusion(s) Increased protein nitration, GC apoptosis, resistance to IVM, and oocyte aging indicate the involvement of oxidative dysregulation of NO in the pathophysiology of altered follicular milieu and poor oocyte quality in women with endometriosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-159.e5
JournalFertility and sterility
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2014


  • Endometriosis
  • nitric oxide
  • oocyte aging
  • oocyte quality
  • peroxynitrite
  • superoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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