Early pathogenic events associated with Sjögren's syndrome (SjS)-like disease of the nod mouse using microarray analysis

Smruti Y. Killedar, Sarah E. Eckenrode, Richard A. McIndoe, Jin-Xiong She, Cuong Q. Nguyen, Ammon B. Peck, Seunghee R. Cha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


Recently, we reported development of the C57BL/6.NOD-Aec1Aec2 mouse carrying two genetic intervals derived from the NOD mouse. These two genetic regions confer full Sjögren's syndrome (SjS)-like disease in SjS-non-susceptible C57BL/6 mice. The current study was undertaken to apply microarray technology to define the molecular basis underlying onset of SjS-disease in C57BL/6.NOD-Aec1Aec2 mice. Using oligonucleotide microarrays, gene expression profiles of submandibular glands derived from 8- to 12-week-old C57BL/6.NOD-Aec1Aec2 mice and 8-week-old C57BL/6 mice were performed for comparison. Significant differential expressions were determined using the Mann-Whitney U test. Hybridizations using submandibular cDNA probes revealed 75 differentially expressed genes at 8 weeks and 105 differentially expressed genes at 12 weeks of age in C57BL/6.NOD-Aec1Aec2 mice compared to 8-week-old C57BL/6 mice. These genes were related generally to basic cellular activities such as transcription, translation, DNA replication, and protein folding. During the predisease phase, genes upregulated encode proteins associated with the IFN-gamma signal-transduction-pathway (Jak/Stat1), TLR-3 (Irf3 and Traf6) and apoptosis (casp11 and casp3), indicative of chronic proinflammatory stimuli, especially IL-1. Between 8 and 12 weeks of age, sets of clustered genes were upregulated that are associated with adaptive immune responses, especially B cell activation, proliferation and differentiation (Baffr, Taci, Bcma, Blys, April, CD70, CD40L, Traf1, Traf3, Pax5, c-Jun, Elk1 and Nf-kB), and neural receptors (Taj/Troy). Altered gene expressions of TLR3 and TNF-superfamily- receptors and ligands during this early phase of SjS suggest a possible viral etiology in the altered glandular homeostasis with an upregulated, possibly overstimulated, B-lymphocyte activation in the early autoimmune response present in the submandibular glands. The importance of NF-κB as a critical signal transduction pathway is also suggested but its link is not yet clear.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1243-1260
Number of pages18
JournalLaboratory Investigation
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2 2006


  • Autoimmunity
  • Microarray
  • NOD mouse
  • Salivary gland
  • Sjögren's syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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