Effect of a Self-Assembly Peptide on Surface Roughness and Hardness of Bleached Enamel

Gabriela de A.P. Magalhães, May Anny A. Fraga, Isaac J.de Souza Araújo, Rafael R. Pacheco, Américo B. Correr, Regina M. Puppin-Rontani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


After bleaching, enamel surfaces are damaged, contributing to erosion and tooth sensitivity. Although fluoride is used after bleaching to try and revert alterations, it is not capable of repairing tooth structure. This study compared the effect of a self-assembly peptide (P11-4), with and without fluoride, and sodium fluoride (NaF 2%) on the Knoop microhardness (KHN) and surface roughness (Ra (µm)) of bleached enamel with an in-office bleaching regimen. Enamel blocks of bovine teeth (5 × 5 × 2 mm) with standardized surface hardness were bleached with 35% carbamide peroxide, following the manufacturer’s instructions. The teeth were randomly divided into the following groups (n = 7) according to post-bleaching treatment: no treatment (negative control) (C-); 2% NaF (NaF); Curodont™ Repair (Repair); and Curodont™ Protect (Protect). Specimens were stored in artificial saliva at 37 C. To evaluate the effect of the post-bleaching treatments, KHN and Ra were measured before bleaching (baseline) and 24 h and 7 days after bleaching. Data were submitted to repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni tests (α = 0.05). There were significant interactions between the study factors (p = 0.001). After 7 days, Repair (572.50 ± 79.04) and Protect (583.00 ± 74.76) specimens showed increased surface KHN, with values higher than the NaF (465.50 ± 41.50) and C-(475.22 ± 58.95) baseline values. There was no significant difference in KHN at 24 h among groups (p = 0.587). At 24 h after bleaching, Repair was significantly different from all groups (p < 0.05). Repair showed the lowest Ra (µm) values (0.133 ± 0.035). After seven days, there was no significant difference in Ra values among groups when compared to the baseline. The use of P11-4-based materials after bleaching resulted in the fastest recovery to baseline enamel properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number79
JournalJournal of Functional Biomaterials
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • hardness
  • roughness
  • self-assembly peptide
  • sodium fluoride
  • tooth bleaching
  • tooth remineralization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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