Effect of automatic record keeping on vigilance and record keeping time

J. Allard, R. Dzwonczyk, D. Yablok, F. E. Block, J. S. McDonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


We have evaluated the effect of an automatic anaesthesia record keeper (AARK) on record keeping time and vigilance. With informed patient consent and institutional approval, we videotaped the attending anaesthetist and his/her immediate surroundings during 66 surgical procedures. Thirty-seven cases were charted manually and the remaining 29 were charted with a commercially available AARK. In order to evaluate vigilance, a physician examiner entered the operating room unannounced once during 33 of the manually charted cases and during 22 of the automatically charted cases and asked the anaesthetist to turn away from the monitors and recall the current value of eight patient physiological variables. The examiner recorded the recalled values and also the actual current monitor values of these variables. The videotapes were reviewed and the anaesthetist's intraoperative time was categorized into 15 predefined activities, including intraoperative anaesthesia record keeping time. We compared recalled and actual variable values to determine if the recalled values were within clinically relevant error limits. There was no statistical difference between the mean percentage case time spent recording manually (14.11 (SD 3.98) %) and automatically (12.39 (3.92) %). Moreover, use of the AARK did not significantly affect vigilance. Despite major advances in monitoring technology over the past 14 years, record keeping still occupies 10-15% of the anaesthetist's intraoperative time. It appears that in using an AARK, the anaesthetist reallocates intraoperative record keeping time from manual charting to dealing with problems in the anaesthetist machine interface caused by inadequate design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)619-626
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Anaesthesia
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Anaesthesia
  • Audit
  • Medical records

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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