Effect of chlorhexidine and ethanol-wet bonding with a hydrophobic adhesive to intraradicular dentine

Manikandan Ekambaram, Cynthia Kar Yung Yiu, Jukka Pekka Matinlinna, Jeffrey Wen Wei Chang, Franklin Russell Tay, Nigel Martyn King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate the effect of adjunctive application of ethanol-wet bonding and chlorhexidine (CHX) with a hydrophobic adhesive on bond durability of fibre posts to intraradicular dentine. Methods: Ninety-six extracted human teeth with a single root and root canal were prepared for post placement after endodontic treatment. The teeth were randomly divided into four groups (n = 24) after etching and rinsing for rewetting: Group 1: water-wet bonding, Group 2: water-wet bonding with CHX, Group 3: ethanol-wet bonding and Group 4: ethanol-wet bonding with CHX. Teeth in Groups 1 and 2 were treated with either distilled water or distilled water with 2% CHX for 60 s; while teeth in Groups 3 and 4 were treated with either 100% ethanol or 100% ethanol with 2% CHX. Two coats of primer, followed by neat resin were applied and light-cured for 40 s. Fibre posts were luted to bonded root dentine using dual-cure resin cement. Bonded roots were subjected to push-out bond strength testing and interfacial nanoleakage evaluation after 24 h, 6 and 12 months of storage. Data were analyzed using 3-way ANOVA (rewetting solutions, time and post space regions) and SNK tests. Results: Groups 3 and 4 showed significantly (p < 0.05) higher bond strengths and lower nanoleakage than Groups 1 and 2 after 12 months of ageing. Addition of 2% chlorhexidine to ethanol-wet bonding with a hydrophobic adhesive did not further improve the bonding of a fibre post to intraradicular dentine, when compared to ethanol-wet bonding alone after 12 months of ageing. Clinical significance: Ethanol-wet bonding with a hydrophobic adhesive alone could improve the bond durability of fibre post to intraradicular dentine and therefore would increase the success rate of post and core restorations of endodontically treated teeth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)872-882
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2014


  • Chlorhexidine
  • Ethanol-wet bonding
  • Fibre posts
  • Nanoleakage
  • Push-out bond strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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