Effect of chlorhexidine incorporation into a self-etching primer on dentine bond strength of a luting cement

N. Hiraishi, C. K.Y. Yiu, N. M. King, F. R. Tay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


Objectives: This study investigated the effect of incorporating chlorhexidine in a self-etching primer on the bond strength of an adhesive resin cement to dentine and on antibacterial activity. Methods: Experimental self-etching primers were prepared by adding chlorhexidine (CHX) diacetate to ED primer 2.0 (Kuraray Medical Inc.) to obtain chlorhexidine concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 2.0 wt%. Human occlusal dentine surfaces were conditioned for 30 s using the experimental primers or pure ED primer. Composite blocks were luted using Panavia F 2.0 (Kuraray Medical Inc.). After storage in water for 24 h, the bonded teeth were sectioned into 0.9 mm × 0.9 mm beams and stressed to failure in tension to examine microtensile bond strength (μTBS). Fractured surfaces were examined with a field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The morphology of dentine surfaces that were conditioned with each primer was also observed under FE-SEM. An agar diffusion test was performed to examine the antibacterial effect of each primer against Streptococcus mutans and Enterococcus faecalis. Results: Addition of chlorhexidine to the primer had significant effects (p < 0.001) on μTBS and antibacterial effect. No significant difference in μTBS was found between the groups that contained 0%and 1% chlorhexidine in the primer (p = 0.095). Conversely, the group that contained 2% chlorhexidine showed significantly lower μTBS and pronounced cohesive failures within the thin layer of the primer. Conclusions: Incorporation of chlorhexidine into ED primer 2.0 showed significant antibacterial activities. Conditioning with the 1% chlorhexidine-containing primer had no adverse effect on μTBS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)496-502
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2010


  • Antibacterial effects
  • Chlorhexidine
  • Microtensile bond strength
  • Resin cement
  • Self-etching primer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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