Effect of different ceramic primers on shear bond strength of resin-modified glass ionomer cement to zirconia

Talal Alnassar, Fusun Ozer, Gerard Chiche, Markus B. Blatz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Purpose: This study evaluated and compared the effect of different ceramic primers on the shear bond strength of RMGIC to zirconia with and without air-particle abrasion. Material and Methods: 120 zirconia square specimens (5 mm × 5 mm × 2 mm) were fabricated. Half of the specimens were air-particle abraded (A) and the other half were left untreated (NA). Both groups were further divided into six subgroups (n = 10). Composite cylinders (2.9 mm × 3.0 mm) were fabricated and bonded to the zirconia samples with RMGIC (RelyX Plus) after different priming methods: no ceramic primer (group NS); Z-Prime (group ZP); Clearfil ceramic primer (group CP); cleaned with Ivoclean then Monobond plus (IV/MS); Monobond plus (group MS); and Rely X ceramic primer (group RX). Specimens were rinsed, stored in distilled water, and thermocycled (TC) for 10,000 cycles between 5 and 60 °C with a dwell time of 15s. Data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and the Tukey–Kramer method test (a = .05). Results: air-particle abrasion significantly affected bond strength of RMGIC to zirconia regardless of the primer used (p < 0.001 for all primers and the control). After TC, A-ZP (11.1 ± 0.6 MPa), A-CP (11.9 ± 0.6 MPa), and A-MS (11.9 ± 0.5 MPa) revealed the highest shear bond strength values, while NA-NS (2.9 ± 0.3 MPa) and NA-RX (4.7 ± 0.5 MPa) had the lowest. Failure modes were primarily adhesive. Conclusion: air-particle abrasion with aluminum oxide and application of MDP-based ceramic primers provide the highest bond strength of RMGIC to zirconia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2429-2438
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Adhesion Science and Technology
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 16 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Cement
  • air-particle abrasion
  • bonding
  • ceramic primer
  • zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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