The effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on the blood flow contributions of the pulmonary and systemic circulations to the trachea and main bronchi were measured in anesthetized dogs by injecting 15-μm radiolabeled microspheres into the right and left heart, respectively. After the microsphere injections the animals were killed, and the tracheal cartilage, tracheal muscle mucosa, and main bronchi were excised and collected for radioactive counting. The results of this study showed that under normal conditions tracheal blood flow was primarily systemic (>95% of total tracheal blood flow) averaging 25-50 ml/min/100 g, whereas both the pulmonary (9-10 ml/min/100 g) and systemic circulations (19-20 ml/min/100 g) contributed substantially to main bronchi blood flow. Administration of ET-1 i.v. decreased systemic tracheal cartilage blood flow from 25.3 ± 3.8 to 14.5 ± 2.8 ml/min/100 g, systemic tracheal mucosal blood flow from 50.0 ± 7.0 to 25.0 ± 7.0 ml/min/100 g, and systemic main bronchi blood flow from 19.4 ± 4.6 to 11.6 ± 3.4 ml/min/100 g (p<0.05). These results indicate that ET-1 is a potent constrictor of the airway circulation and may contribute to airway ischemia seen in different airway disease states.
- Main bronchi blood flow
- Radioactive microspheres
- Tracheal blood flow
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine