Effect of indirect restorative material and thickness on light transmission at different wavelengths

Rafael Rocha Pacheco, Adriana Oliveira Carvalho, Carolina Bosso André, Ana Paula Almeida Ayres, Renata Bacelar Catanhede de Sá, Tiago Monteiro Dias, Frederick Rueggeberg, Marcelo Giannini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of indirect restorative material type and thickness on the transmission of different wavelengths from a broad-banded dental curing light. Methods: Four dental indirect restorative materials for computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) were evaluated: [RC] resin/ceramic hybrid material (Lava Ultimate), [FC] feldspathic ceramic (VitaBlocs), and two zirconia-based ceramics ([ZK] Katana; and [ZL] Lava). Total loss of irradiance (TL) was measured for blue (W B, 425–490 nm) and violet (W V, 350–425 nm) wavelengths. Specimens of 15 × 15 mm with varying thicknesses (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 mm) were fabricated (n = 5). A plasma-arc dental light-curing unit was used (Arc Light-II). To assess TL as a function of wavelength, a software (Spectra Suite v5.1) connected to a spectroradiometer (USB2000) and an integrating sphere (CTSM-LSM-60-SF) was used. Data was subjected to statistical analysis (two-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey test, α = 0.05). Results: A 0.5 mm interposition resulted in TL from 50.5 to 67.2%, depending on material. Increased thickness resulted in higher TL for all materials. FC showed less TL compared to ZK. In general, W V showed higher TL than did W B, and W V /W B proportion decreased with increasing thickness. Conclusions: Indirect materials significantly reduced TL, and this effect is greater with increasing thickness. W V showed lower penetration compared to W B .

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-238
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Prosthodontic Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2019


  • Ceramics
  • Composite
  • Irradiance
  • Photopolymerization
  • Zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)


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