Effect of Operator Experience on Ability to Place Sequential, 2-mm-thick Increments of Composite

R. J. Sword, W. Bachand, B. Mears, L. Quibeuf, Stephen Warwick Looney, R. B. Price, F. A. Rueggeberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To measure and compare the effect of operator experience in their ability to place composite in increments that are 2 mm thick. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifteen volunteers from each class of freshmen, sophomores, juniors, and senior dental students and 15 clinical faculty (total number of volunteers = 75) were asked to restore a Class I preparation that was 5 mm in diameter and 8 mm deep from the cusp tips using three increments of composite that were each to be 2 mm thick. Once completed, the models were sectioned, and the thickness of each increment was measured. A repeated-measures analysis of variance (pre-set α=0.05) was used to compare the mean increment thickness with respect to operator experience level and increment sequence number. In addition, the proportion of operators placing clinically acceptable increments (between 1.75 and 2.25 mm thick), as well as the proportions from each group who placed increments that either were thinner or thicker than this range, was determined using nonparametric analyses. RESULTS: Overall, there was an increasing trend for groups with a higher experience level to provide mean incremental thickness values close to 2 mm. However, the likelihood of placing an increment that was thicker or thinner than the manufacturer-recommended thickness was not significantly different. Regardless of the increment value, only about one-third of the increments placed fell within the desired range of 1.75 to 2.25 mm. CONCLUSIONS: Operator experience had no overwhelming significant influence on the ability to place increments of composite that were between 1.75 and 2.25 mm thick. An operator has only about one chance out of three to place a composite increment within this clinically acceptable range when using no external measurement system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-338
Number of pages12
JournalOperative dentistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of Operator Experience on Ability to Place Sequential, 2-mm-thick Increments of Composite'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this