Evaluation of racial and ethnic disparities in cardiac transplantation

Fouad Chouairi, Michael Fuery, Katherine A. Clark, Clancy W. Mullan, James Stewart, Cesar Caraballo, John Ross D. Clarke, Sounok Sen, Avirup Guha, Nasrien E. Ibrahim, Robert T. Cole, Louisa Holaday, Muhammed Anwer, Arnar Geirsson, Joseph G. Rogers, Eric J. Velazquez, Nihar R. Desai, Tariq Ahmad, P. Elliott Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Racial and ethnic disparities contribute to differences in access and outcomes for patients undergoing heart transplantation. We evaluated contemporary outcomes for heart transplantation stratified by race and ethnicity as well as the new 2018 allocation system. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adult heart recipients from 2011 to 2020 were identified in the United Network for Organ Sharing database and stratified into 3 groups: Black, Hispanic, and White. We analyzed recipient and donor characteristics, and outcomes. Among 32 353 patients (25% Black, 9% Hispanic, 66% White), Black and Hispanic patients were younger, more likely to be women and have diabetes mellitus or renal disease (all, P
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Issue number17
StatePublished - Sep 7 2021


  • Disparities
  • Heart failure
  • Heart transplantation
  • Race and ethnicity


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