Expectancy effects on relaxation instructions: Physiological and self-report indices

Michael E. Stefanek, Robert L. Hodes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Two sessions of relaxation instructions were administered under high and low expectancy conditions. Fifty-four college students scoring high on a self-report measure of anxiety served as subjects. Live and taped abbreviated progressive muscle relaxation instructions and a self-relaxation condition were equally effective in reducing within-session self-report and physiological indices of anxiety. High expectancy instructions led to greater reductions in heart rate than did low expectancy instructions. Factors controlling anxiety reduction during relaxation therapies are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-29
Number of pages9
JournalBiofeedback and Self-Regulation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 1986


  • anxiety
  • expectancy effects
  • live versus taped relaxation training
  • relaxation instructions
  • self-relaxation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Expectancy effects on relaxation instructions: Physiological and self-report indices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this