PSD-95/SAP90, a molecular scaffold protein, attaches the N-methyl-D- aspartate receptor to cellular signaling pathways through PSD-95/DLG/Z0-1 domain interactions at neuronal synapses. This suggests that PSD-95/SAP90 might be involved in many physiological and pathophysiological actions triggered via the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in the central nervous system. Here, we present evidence that suppression of the expression of PSD- 95/SAP90 in the spinal cord significantly attenuated facilitation of the tail-flick reflex triggered through N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor activation but not baseline tail-flick reflex latency. Moreover, PSD-95/SAP90's messenger RNA and protein were enriched in the spinal cord and selectively distributed in the superficial dorsal horn, where PSD-95/SAP90 overlapped with the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. In spinal cord neurons, PSD-95/SAP90 interacted with the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunits 2A/2B. It is indicated that activation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in spinal hyperalgesia results in association of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor with PSD-95/SAP90 and that PSD-95/SAP90 is required for noxious thermal hyperalgesia triggered via the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor at the spinal cord level. The present findings may provide novel insights into the mechanisms for persistent sensitization of the somatosensory system. (C) 2000 IBRO.
- N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor
- Spinal cord
ASJC Scopus subject areas