Flexural strength and microhardness of bulk-fill restorative materials

Beatriz Curvello de Mendonça, Jorge Rodrigo Soto-Montero, Eduardo Fernandes de Castro, Vanessa Gallego Arias Pecorari, Frederick Allen Rueggeberg, Marcelo Giannini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: Bulk-fill materials can facilitate the restorative procedure mainly for deep and wide posterior cavities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate flexural strength (biaxial flexural strength [BFS]) and microhardness (Knoop microhardness [KHN]) at different depths of bulk-fill materials. Methods: Five bulk-fill materials were tested: two light-curable composite resins, one dual-cure composite, one bioactive restorative, and a high-viscosity glass ionomer. A conventional composite was used as control. BFS and KHN were tested at different depths. Data was analyzed by two- and one-way ANOVAs, respectively and Tukey's post-hoc (α=0.05). Results: The high-viscosity glass ionomer material presented the lowest BFS at all depths. KHN for the two light-curable and the dual-cure bulk-fill resin composites was reduced following an increase in restoration depth, while the conventional composite, the bioactive material, and the high-viscosity glass ionomer were not affected. Conclusion: There are differences in the properties of the tested materials at 4 mm depth, showing that the studied properties of some materials vary according to the cavity depth, although the results are material dependent. Clinical Significance: Mechanical properties of light-cured, bulk-fill materials may be affected by inadequate polymerization. Clinicians should consider complementary strategies to achieve adequate polymerization at high-increment depths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)628-635
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • dental materials
  • light curing
  • operative dentistry
  • pediatric dentistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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