Formative Evaluation of a Peer Video-Based Coaching Initiative

Lindsey Kreutzer, Yue Yung Hu, Jonah Stulberg, Caprice C. Greenberg, Karl Y. Bilimoria, Julie K. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Background: Few opportunities exist for surgeons to receive technical skills feedback after training. Surgeons at hospitals within the Illinois Surgical Quality Improvement Collaborative were invited to participate in a peer-to-peer video-based coaching initiative focused on improving technical skills in laparoscopic right colectomy. We present a formative qualitative evaluation of a video-based coaching initiative. Methods: Concurrent with the implementation of our video-based coaching initiative, we conducted two focus groups and 15 individual semistructured interviews with participants; all interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed. A subset of surgeons participated in a group video-review session, which was observed by qualitative researchers. Transcripts and notes were analyzed using an organizational behavior framework adapted from executive coaching. Results: Participation in the initiative was primarily motivated by the opportunity to learn from others and improve skills. Surgeons highlighted the value of self-video and peer-video assessment not only to learn new techniques but also for self-reflection and benchmarking. Barriers to participation included logistics (e.g. using the laparoscopic recording devices, coordinating schedules for peer coaching), time commitment, and a surgical culture that assumes the intent of coaching is to address deficiencies. Conclusions: Video-based peer-coaching provides a platform for surgeons to reflect, benchmark against peers, and receive personalized feedback; however, more work is needed to increase participation and sustain involvement over time. There is an opportunity to decrease logistical barriers and increase acceptability of coaching by integrating video-based coaching into existing surgical conferences and established continuous professional development efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-177
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Formative evaluation
  • Peer coaching
  • Qualitative
  • Quality improvement
  • Video-based intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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