Genetic basis of the impaired renal myogenic response in FHH rats

Marilyn Burke, Malikarjuna Pabbidi, Fan Fan, Ying Ge, Ruisheng Liu, Jan Michael Williams, Allison Sarkis, Jozef Lazar, Howard J. Jacob, Richard J. Roman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


This study examined the effect of substitution of a 2.4-megabase pair (Mbp) region of Brown Norway (BN) rat chromosome 1 (RNO1) between 258.8 and 261.2 Mbp onto the genetic background of fawn-hooded hypertensive (FHH) rats on autoregulation of renal blood flow (RBF), myogenic response of renal afferent arterioles (AF-art), K+ channel activity in renal vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and development of proteinuria and renal injury. FHH rats exhibited poor autoregulation of RBF, while FHH.1BN congenic strains with the 2.4-Mbp BN region exhibited nearly perfect autoregulation of RBF. The diameter of AF-art from FHH rats increased in response to pressure but decreased in congenic strains containing the 2.4-Mbp BN region. Protein excretion and glomerular and interstitial damage were significantly higher in FHH rats than in congenic strains containing the 2.4-Mbp BN region. K+ channel current was fivefold greater in VSMCs from renal arterioles of FHH rats than cells obtained from congenic strains containing the 2.4-Mbp region. Sequence analysis of the known and predicted genes in the 2.4-Mbp region of FHH rats revealed amino acid-altering variants in the exons of three genes: Add3, Rbm20, and Soc-2. Quantitative PCR studies indicated that Mxi1 and Rbm20 were differentially expressed in the renal vasculature of FHH and FHH.1BN congenic strain F. These data indicate that transfer of this 2.4-Mbp region from BN to FHH rats restores the myogenic response of AF-art and autoregulation of RBF, decreases K+ current, and slows the progression of proteinuria and renal injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F565-F577
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic renal failure
  • Glomerulosclerosis
  • Kidney
  • Renal hemodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology


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