Granulosa cell expression of G1/S phase cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases in PMSG-induced follicle growth

Jennifer D. Cannon, Mary Cherian-Shaw, Tara Lovekamp-Swan, Charles L. Chaffin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Follicular development involves a complex orchestration of granulosa cell proliferation and differentiation. It is becoming increasingly apparent that the rate of granulosa cell proliferation declines as follicles reach the large antral status, prior to an ovulatory gonadotropin stimulus, although a precise time course and mechanism for this decline has not been described. The goal of the present study was to characterize granulosa cell proliferation following the onset of antral follicle growth in PMSG-primed immature rats, with emphasis on G1/S phase cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that the percentage of granulosa cells in S phase peaked 24-30 h post-PMSG and declined to control levels 48 h after PMSG administration. Expression of both Cyclin D2 and Cdk 4 was highest 12 h post-PMSG and decreased to control levels by 48 h. In addition, Cdk 2 protein increased transiently 12-24 h after PMSG. Cyclin E expression increased significantly by 12 h but remained elevated through 48 h, and multiple isoforms of Cyclin E were observed with increased proliferation. Both Cdk 4 and Cdk 2 activity parallel protein expression, although, changes in Cdk 2 were more marked. Levels of mRNA for the cell cycle inhibitors p21CIP1 and p27KIP1 increased significantly by 48 h post-PMSG. These results demonstrate that PMSG-stimulated movement of granulosa cells across the G1/S boundary during follicle growth is transient. In addition, the control of granulosa cell proliferation may reside through the regulation of both Cdk 2 and Cdk 4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-15
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 29 2007


  • Cyclin
  • Follicle
  • Granulosa cell
  • Proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology


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