Immune cells in atherosclerosis include T, B, natural killer (NK) and NKT cells, macrophages, monocytes, dendritic cells (DCs), neutrophils, and mast cells. Advances in single-cell RNA sequencing (sRNA-Seq) have refined our understanding of immune cell subsets. Four recent studies have used scRNA-Seq of immune cells in human atherosclerotic lesions and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), some including cell surface phenotypes revealed by oligonucleotide-tagged antibodies, which confirmed known and identified new immune cell subsets and identified genes significantly up-regulated in PBMCs from HIV+ subjects with atherosclerosis compared to PBMCs from matched HIV+ subjects without atherosclerosis. The ability of scRNA-Seq to identify cell types is greatly augmented by adding cell surface phenotype using antibody sequencing. In this review, we summarize the latest data obtained by scRNA-Seq on plaques and human PBMCs in human subjects with atherosclerosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Nov 15 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)