How to Bond Zirconia: The APC Concept

Markus B. Blatz, Marcela Alvarez, Kimiyo Sawyer, Marco Brindis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Zirconia has become one of the most popular materials in dentistry. New high-translucent zirconia ceramics have favorable optical properties and can be applied as monolithic full-contour restorations in various clinical indications for posterior and anterior teeth. However, having reliable cementation protocols is fundamental for clinical success of indirect ceramic dental restorations, including those made from zirconia materials. Resin bonding supports ceramic restorations and is necessary for onlays, laminate veneers, and resinbonded fixed dental prostheses. The APC zirconia-bonding concept is based on decades of research on how to achieve high and long-term durable bond strengths to high-strength ceramics. It includes three practical steps: (A) airparticle abrasion, (P) zirconia primer, and (C) adhesive composite resin. This article discusses the history and development of high-translucent zirconia and explains the necessity for proper cementation. The rationale and science behind a simplified zirconia-bonding concept is explained and illustrated with a clinical case presentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-618
Number of pages8
JournalCompendium of continuing education in dentistry (Jamesburg, N.J. : 1995)
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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