Impact of Williams LifeSkills® training on anger, anxiety, and ambulatory blood pressure in adolescents

Vernon A. Barnes, Maribeth H. Johnson, Redford B. Williams, Virginia P. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The Williams LifeSkills® (WLS) anger and stress management workshop provides training in strategies to cope with stressful situations and build supportive relationships. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of school-based Williams LifeSkills training on anger, anxiety, and blood pressure in adolescents. One hundred fifty-nine adolescents (mean age ± SD = 15. 7 ± 1. 4 years) were randomized to WLS (n = 86) or control (CTL, n = 73) groups. The WLS group engaged in twelve 50-min WLS training sessions conducted by teachers at school. Anger-in and anxiety scores decreased and anger-control scores increased in the WLS group across the six-month follow-up period compared to the CTL group (group x visit, ps < 0. 05). Daytime diastolic BP was lower across the follow-up in the WLS group (p = 0. 08). DBP was significantly lower across the follow-up period in the WLS group among those with higher SBP at baseline (p = 0. 04). These findings demonstrate beneficial impact of WLS upon self-reported anger-in, anger control, anxiety levels, and ambulatory DBP in the natural environment in healthy normotensive youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-410
Number of pages10
JournalTranslational behavioral medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2012


  • Adolescents
  • Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
  • Anger
  • Anxiety
  • Blood pressure
  • Coping skills
  • Diastolic blood pressure
  • Systolic blood pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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