In vitro Streptococcus mutans adhesion and biofilm formation on different esthetic orthodontic archwires

Deise C. Oliveira, Joshua J. Thomson, Jamal A. Alhabeil, Jonathan M. Toma, Sarah C. Plecha, Rafael R. Pacheco, Carlos E. Cuevas-Suárez, Evandro Piva, Rafael Guerra Lund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ability of different esthetic archwires to retain oral biofilms in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven different brands of coated orthodontic archwires were tested: two epoxy coated, two polytetrafluoroethylene coated, two rhodium coated, and one silver plus polymer coated. Conventional uncoated metallic archwires were used as controls. Streptococus mutans adherence to archwires was quantified by colony count following 24 hours of biolfilm growth, and total wire-associated biofilm was measured using a crystal violet staining assay. For both tests, two conditions were used: 0% sucrose and 3% sucrose. For statistical analysis, P < .05 was considered as statistically significant. RESULTS: For S. mutans colony forming units per biofilm, there were no statistically significant differences among the various archwires (P = .795 for 0% sucrose; P = .905 for 3% sucrose). Regarding total biofilm formed on archwires in the 3% sucrose condition, there were statistically significant differences in crystal violet staining only for the comparison between Niti Micro Dental White and Copper Ni-Ti wires (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical use of esthetic-coated orthodontic wires may be considered to have similar risks as uncoated archwires for biofilm retention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)786-793
Number of pages8
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Bacterial adhesion
  • Biofilm
  • Esthetic archwires
  • Orthodontic wire
  • Orthodontics
  • Streptococcus mutans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics


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